Maritime security is the term for the measures that in recent years it has been decided are needed to protect shipping from external threats. To distinguish these security-matters from what is otherwise meant by maritime or ship safety, the term maritime security is used.
The Maritime Security Act (2004:487) entered into force on 1 July 2004. This is based on the regulations described in the ISPS Code (International Ship and Port Facility Security Code). Among other things, these regulations include:
- Passenger vessels operating on international routes, as well as services to Gotland.
- Cargo ships with a gross tonnage of 500 or above operating on international routes.
- Port facilities that provide services for any of the vessels stated above.
There are three security levels that a port may operate under. Normally ports operate at security level 1. When necessary the security level may be elevated to security level 2, and in exceptional circumstances security level 3 may apply. The security level that applies is decided by the Swedish authorities.
Port facilities at which maritime security applies
Kapellskär - SEKPS-0001
Nynäshamn – SENYN-0002
The Stadsgården Terminal – SESTO-0010
Frihamnen 630-652 – SESTO-0011
The Frihamnen Terminal – SESTO-0014
Nybrokajen 4-6 – SESTO-0017
Värtahamnen – SESTO-0019
Skeppsbron 105-106 – SESTO-0020
Stadsgården 157-160 including anchorage at Stockholms ström – SESTO-0021
Värtahamnen 521-524 – SESTO-0024
Masthamnen – SESTO-0025